Renewable Energy and Economic Efficiency in the Framework of Sustainable Development: Malmquist Index and Tobit Model

  • Eda Bozkurt Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Keywords: Malmquist total factor productivity index, panel data, renewable energy, tobit model


Today, energy is as important as labour, capital and technology for the growth of countries. As countries grow economically, they try to achieve the same or more amounts of output with fewer inputs. In other words, countries target efficiency based growth. As the economic growth of countries increases, their energy requirements also increase. Regarding countries that are not rich in domestic resources, this increase, imposes significant costs. On the other hand, the finite energy supply in countries rich in domestic resources is an important problem. That is why the phenomenon of renewable energy has become a trend all over the world. In addition to reducing import dependence on energy, new policies are required to reduce the effects of climate changes and to protect natural resources. That is why; renewable energy and economic efficiency are an attractive research area. In the study, efficiency scores were obtained by calculating the Malmquist total factor productivity index in the period 1992–2018 for 10 countries among the N11 countries. Then, the efficiency values obtained by using the two stage estimation method were used as the dependent variables. The test results based on Tobit regression indicated that the increase in the supply of renewable energy positively increases economic efficiency. It can be said that the supply of renewable energy will lead to economic efficiency in the future.


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Author Biography

Eda Bozkurt, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

Eda Bozkurt received the bachelor’s degree in economy from Atatürk University in 2006, the master’s degree in economy from Atatürk University in 2010, and the economy of doctorate degree in from Atatürk University in 2014, respectively. She is currently working as an Assoc. Prof. at the Faculty of Open Education, Atatürk University. Her research areas include economic development, energy, finance and trade. She has been serving as a reviewer for many highly-respected journals.


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