Uncovering Regional Disparities in Infrastructural Development of Uttar Pradesh: An Exploratory Factor Analysis

  • Madhulika Dube Department of Statistics, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India
  • Subhash Kr. Yadav Department of Statistics, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India
  • Vishwajeet Singh Department of Statistics, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India
Keywords: Regional infrastructural disparities, Exploratory Factor Analysis, K-means Cluster Analysis, Uttar Pradesh

Abstract

In developmental studies, the infrastructural sector is considered as an important component of overall economic development. The infrastructural growth in the state of Uttar Pradesh is undoubtedly critical since independence. The main focus of this paper is to uncover the principal factors or dimensions of infrastructural characteristics and to quantify the level of infrastructural development of Uttar Pradesh into five clusters having different grade of development using Exploratory Factor Analysis & K-means Cluster Analysis. The analysis has been carried out by taking into account various infrastructural indicators for the time period of two years from 2018 to 2019. The results of the present analysis led to the identification of the five factors of infrastructural characteristics, and the classification of all the seventy-five districts of Uttar Pradesh into five regions with different degree of infrastructural development. The ‘infrastructural regions’ uncovered through this procedure allow a much more useful characterization of Uttar Pradesh for the policy making purpose. The same technique may be applied to the whole country and other countries as well.

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Author Biographies

Madhulika Dube, Department of Statistics, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India

Madhulika Dube is presently holding the position of Professor in the Department of Statistics, BBAU, Lucknow and has also served as its Head from April, 2018 to April, 2021. A member of various international and national associations and scientific societies, Professor Madhulika has more than 55 research papers in various reputed international & national journals. She began her academic career in the year 1986 as lecturer at Maharishi Dayanand University Rohtak, Haryana where she stayed till 2016 continuing with her research and teaching and heading the Department of Statistics, M. D. University, Rohtak from 2012-2015. Ten students have been awarded PhD. Degrees and more than 20 students have been awarded M. Phil in Statistics under her supervision. She has 35 years teaching experience at UG and PG level and 37 years research experience. She also authored a book on the Statistical methods in Biological and Health Sciences. She is an expert member in the national and several state level service commissions in India. Her areas of interest are Regression Modelling, Multivariate Analysis, Econometrics, Biostatistics, Statistical Inference.

Subhash Kr. Yadav, Department of Statistics, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India

Subhash Kr. Yadav is presently holding the position of Associate Professor in the Department of Statistics, BBAU, Lucknow. A member of various international and national associations and scientific societies, Dr. Yadav has more than 50 research papers in various reputed international & national journals. Earlier, he has taught at Dr. RMLA University, Ayodhya in U.P. He has 14 years teaching experience at UG and PG level and 14 years research experience. He also authored two books on Advanced Sampling. His areas of interest are Sampling, Operations Research & Regression Analysis.

Vishwajeet Singh, Department of Statistics, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India

Vishwajeet Singh is currently pursuing PhD under the joint supervision of Dr. S. K. Yadav & Dr. Madhulika Dube in the department of Statistics, SPDS, BBAU, Lucknow. He completed his master’s degree in Statistics in 2011 from University of Lucknow. He published 2 research papers in an international journal. He also attended 3 international conferences and participated in many workshops related to Statistics, SEM, R, & LATEX etc. From 2011–18 he has worked as a lecturer and taught various papers related to Statistics & O. R. at BBD University, Lucknow and Sri Sharda Group of Institutions, Lucknow.

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Published
2022-02-04
Section
Articles