Chitosan/NC Based Bio Composite Membrane: An Impact of Varying Amount of Chitosan on Filtration Ability for the Malachite Green Dye

  • Rekha Goswami 1)Department of Environmental Science, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India, 2)Department of Environmental Science, Graphic Hill University, Dehradun, India
  • Abhilasha Mishra Department of Chemistry, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India
  • Neha Bhatt Department of Chemistry, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India
  • Brijesh Prasad Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India
Keywords: Chitosan, malachite green dye, hydrophilic, contact angle

Abstract

This study is generally focused on knowing about which appropriate quantity of chitosan with cellulose nanocrystal gives best output in terms of strength and potential to bear vaccum pressure during filtration study. It was observed that membrane MIII showed best results in filtering out the malachite green dye present in the aqueous solution of 50 PPM taken during study. The filtration study was observed under three different pH values i.e. 2.0, 5.0 and 9.0 and recorded results depicted that the first five cycles significantly remove the dye concentration ranging from 32-13 PPM, 27-7 PPM and 33-14 PPM respectively. The contact angle results for all the membrane showed hydrophilic behaviour. The thickness and the swelling behaviour also analysed and it was observed that membrane MV showed highest thickness (0.56 mm) as well as highest swelling behaviour (1.5) due to presence of high chitosan content in its composition.

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Author Biographies

Rekha Goswami, 1)Department of Environmental Science, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India, 2)Department of Environmental Science, Graphic Hill University, Dehradun, India

Rekha Goswami is research scholar at Graphic Era Deemed to be University since 2019. She has done her master in Environmental Science from HNB Garhwal University in 2014. Her research areas are nanomaterials, nanocellulose membrane and waste water treatment.

Abhilasha Mishra, Department of Chemistry, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India

Abhilasha Mishra presently working as Associate Professor in Chemistry Department of Graphic Era Deemed University, Dehradun. She has completed her MSc. From Chemistry department RDVV University in 2002 and done her Ph.D. from RDVV university in 2007. She is having 14 years of Teaching and research experience. Her research areas includes nanomaterials, nanostructured smart coatings, biomaterials, water remediation using nanomaterials and solar cell efficiencies.

Neha Bhatt, Department of Chemistry, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India

Neha Bhatt is research scholar at Graphic Era Deemed to be University since 2018. She has done her master in Chemistry from University of Delhi in 2015. Her research areas are nanomaterials, synthesis of different material and nanostructured coating, super-hydrophobic antireflective coating.

Brijesh Prasad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India

Brijesh Prasad is associated with the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun Uttarakhand, India as an Assistant Professor. Dr. Brijesh Prasad, presently working as a postdoc fellow with Institute of Advanced Materials, IAAM (Sweden). His research area covers the development of smart nanocomposite materials for energy harvesting and sensing applications for soft electronic devices.

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Published
2022-05-07
Section
Articles