Effect of Loads on Temperature Distribution Characteristics of Oil-Immersed Transformer Winding
The temperature of the hot-spots on windings is a crucial factor that can limit the overload capacity of the transformer. Few studies consider the impact of the load on the hot-spot when studying the hot-spot temperature and its location. In this paper, a thermal circuit model based on the thermoelectric analogy method is built to simulate the transformer winding and transformer oil temperature distribution. The hot-spot temperature and its location under different loads are qualitatively analyzed, and the hot-spot location is analyzed and compared to the experimental results. The results show that the hot-spot position on the winding under the rated power appears at 85.88% of the winding height, and the hot-spot position of the winding moves down by 5% in turn at 1.3, 1.48, and 1.73 times the rated power respectively.
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