Analysis and Ranking of Barriers in Development of Solar Power Using Interpretive Structural Modeling Method: Ethiopian Outlook

  • Tefera Mekonnen Renewable Energy System department, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln (University of Applied Science), Betzdorfer Strasse 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany
  • Ramchandra Bhandari Renewable Energy System department, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln (University of Applied Science), Betzdorfer Strasse 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany
  • Venkata Ramayya Ancha Sustainable Energy Engineering Chair, Jimma University, Institute of Technology, Jimma, Ethiopia
  •  Baseem Khan School of Electrical and computer Engineering, Hawassa University Institute of Technology, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Keywords: Solar Energy, Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM), MICMAC analysis

Abstract

Ethiopia is quick evolving economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, and its industrial sector is growing faster. However, as a country level there is a significant electricity shortage. The country needs gigantic increments in capacity to meet the request of its quickly developing economy and population. Indeed in the event that endeavors are underway for renewable energy expansion in Ethiopia but stills solar oriented energy source are not highly utilized due to different problems that ruin its dispersion. On this basis, barriers of solar energy implementation in Ethiopia were identified utilizing different literature overview and experts’ view in this investigation. Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) technique is adopted to recognize the interrelationship between the distinguished barriers. Matrice d’Impacts Croises-Multipication Applique’ a Classment (MICMAC) method has too been utilized to sort the barriers based on dependence power and driving force. The results showed that four barriers related with economics, environmental and behavioral appear at the upper level in ISM configuration. A policy barrier shows up at the lowermost of model, and this is considered as the foremost powerful factor. Various solutions for relieving these distinguished barriers have moreover been recommended within the paper. Well understanding of these barriers can help the concerned stakeholders and policy creators to create proactive plans and fortification policies to increase the solar powered advancement in Ethiopia.

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Author Biographies

Tefera Mekonnen, Renewable Energy System department, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln (University of Applied Science), Betzdorfer Strasse 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany

Tefera Mekonnen, A PhD candidate under Renewable Energy System department, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln (University of Applied Science), Betzdorfer Strasse 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany. He did Bsc and Msc, having 12 years of experience in the field of teaching completely. He is reviewer for many journals & published 10++ papers in international journals and conferences & also attended many Faculty Development Programmers. His area of interest is on the area of Renewable energy, power systems dynamics, power electronics, power quality, power system protection.

Ramchandra Bhandari, Renewable Energy System department, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT), TH Köln (University of Applied Science), Betzdorfer Strasse 2, 50679 Cologne, Germany

Ramchandra Bhandari works as a professor for “Renewable Energy Systems” at ITT since March 2013. He is also serving as a vice director for Cologne Institute for Renewable Energy at the TH Köln. He already coordinated several third party funded projects in the energy field in Africa and beyond. He is a member in different institutions. He has several peer reviewer publications in renowned journals in the field of energy and environment.

Venkata Ramayya Ancha, Sustainable Energy Engineering Chair, Jimma University, Institute of Technology, Jimma, Ethiopia

Venkata Ramayya Ancha received his B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering from NIT, Warangal in 1983, M.E in Thermal Systems Engineering from I.I.Sc Bangalore in 1986 and PhD in Gas Solid Fluidized Bed multiphase instrumentation for bubble detection and measurement from I.I.T Madras in 1991 all in India. His work experience comprises teaching, research and Industrial consultancy in I.I.T Madras up to 1993, in VIT University during 1993–2001. He became a full Professor in 1999 and has been working in Jimma University since 2001 onwards through UNDP. His research interests include Modeling and Simulation of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Systems, Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis, Energy and Exergy Analysis. Currently he is the Focal Person for JiT Center of Excellence – Linking Energy with Water and Agriculture funded by kFW, Germany.

 Baseem Khan, School of Electrical and computer Engineering, Hawassa University Institute of Technology, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Baseem Khan (Senior Member, IEEE) received the B.Eng. degree in electrical engineering from Rajiv Gandhi Technological University, Bhopal, India, in 2008, and the M.Tech. and PhD degrees in electrical engineering from the Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, in 2010 and 2014, respectively. He is currently working as a Faculty Member at Hawassa University, Ethiopia. His research interests include power system restructuring, power system planning, smart grid technologies, meta-heuristic optimization techniques, reliability analysis of renewable energy systems, power quality analysis, and renewable energy integration.

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Published
2022-02-22
Section
SPECIAL ISSUE: Energy Access & Off-Grid Systems for Residential Microgrids/Nanog