Design and Feasibility Analysis of Hybrid Energy-Based Electric Vehicle Charging Station

  • Venkatesh Boddapati Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India and Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, India
  • S Arul Daniel Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Electric vehicle charging station, hybrid energy system, sustainability in transportation, techno-economic assessment, and optimum sizing.

Abstract

Mobility has been changing precipitously in recent years. With the increasing number of electric vehicles (EV), travel-sharing continues to grow, and ultimately, autonomous vehicles (AV) move into municipal fleets. These changes require a new, distributed, digitalised energy system, maintenance, and growing electrification in transportation. This paper proposes the designing of an Electric Vehicle Charging Station (EVCS) by using hybrid energy sources such as solar PV, wind, and diesel generator. The proposed system is mathematically modelled and designed using the Hybrid Optimization Model for Multiple Energy Resources (HOMER). The system is analysed and assessed in both autonomous mode and grid-connected mode of operation. The optimum sizing, energy yields of the system in each case is elaborated, and the best configuration is found for design. The variations in Levelized Cost Of the Energy (LCOE), Net Present Cost (NPC), initial cost, and operating cost of the various configuration are presented. From the results, it is observed that the grid-connected EVCS is more economical than the autonomous EVCS. Further, a sensitivity analysis of the EVCS is also performed.

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Author Biographies

Venkatesh Boddapati, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India and Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore, India

Venkatesh Boddapati received his B.Tech (Electrical and Electronics Engineering) from Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, and M.Tech (Power Electronics) from B.M.S College of Engineering, Bangalore, Karnataka, India in the year 2009 and 2011, respectively. He is pursuing his Ph.D. degree in department of EEE at NIT, Tiruchirappali, Tamil Nadu, India under AICTE-QIP scheme, sponsored by Govt. Of India and B.M.S College of Engineering, Bangalore. Currently he is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, B.M.S College of Engineering, Bangalore. His areas of interest include Renewable Energy, Micro-grids and designing of hybrid energy based Electric vehicle charging stations.

S Arul Daniel, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India

S. Arul Daniel (M’10) received the B.E. degree from the Government College of Technology, Coimbatore (Bharathiar University), India, in 1988, and the M.E. and Ph.D. degrees from the Regional Engineering College, Tiruchirappalli (Bharathidasan University), India, in 1991 and 2003, respectively. He was a British Council study fellow at the University of Manchester during 1997. He is with the Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, since 1994, where he is currently a Professor (HAG). His areas of interest include distribution systems, hybrid renewable energy systems, distributed generation, and micro-grids.

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Published
2021-08-30
Section
SPECIAL ISSUE: Energy Access & Off-Grid Systems for Residential Microgrids/Nanog