An Experimental Study on the Smart Home Concept with PV and Energy Management and Control Strategy Using an Open Source Platform

  • Adel. GHOUARI Department of Industrial Engineering, Laboratory of Automation and Manufacturing, University Batna 2, 05 avenue Chahid Boukhlouf 05000 Batna, Algeria
  • Dr-Ing. Chaâbane HAMOUDA Department of Industrial Engineering, University Batna 2, Algeria
  • Prof. Abdelaziz CHAGHI Department of Electrical Engineering, University Batna 2, 05000 Batna, Algeria
  • Dr. Mohamed CHAHDI Department of physics, University Batna 1, 05000 Batna, Algeria
Keywords: Energy management system, smart home application, grid connected PV system, monitoring and Web technology, open source software.


The smart grid system is key to the new electrical network infrastructure. It takes into account the use of the new information and communication technologies (ITC) and the integration of the renewable energy power generation (photovoltaics PV, concentrated solar power CSP, wind, etc). The smart grid promises better management and control of energy sources. The application of the smart grid, especially, in Algeria allows the optimal control of the electricity demand since the latter keeps rising continuously. The use of smart grid allows the rationalization of the electricity consumption in smart homes through appliance automated control. Input energy savings result in the reduction of c emission. Herein, we present a new energy management strategy tested in an experimental smart home (SM). The implemented management approach was made possible by using a new electronic system that allowed the control of all appliances via the internet network. For this purpose, a dynamic monitoring web interface was developed under an open source platform in order to process the whole data delivered by the system. The final output of the system which consists of a balance between all types of energy involved, including CO2 gas emission, is displayed. It is only then that the user can take adequate decision and establish the priorities for rational use of the energy available.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Adel. GHOUARI, Department of Industrial Engineering, Laboratory of Automation and Manufacturing, University Batna 2, 05 avenue Chahid Boukhlouf 05000 Batna, Algeria

Adel. GHOUARI obtained his Master in Industrial Engineering from Hadj Lakhdar University of Batna, Algeria. Currently, he is pursuing his Ph-D degree at the department of Industrial Engineering. His main research interests are in the Smart Grid system and the monitoring of a grid connected PV system. Department of Industrial Engineering, Laboratory of Automation and Manufacturing, University Batna 2, 05 avenue Chahid Boukhlouf 05000 Batna, Algeria; e-mail: adelghouari@

Dr-Ing. Chaâbane HAMOUDA, Department of Industrial Engineering, University Batna 2, Algeria

Dr-Ing. Chaâbane HAMOUDA received his doctorate from the Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin), after a brief experience in the semi-conductors industry he joined the University of Batna, Algeria (UHLB). He was the director of the research unit and responsible for the training of advisers in energy saving and environmental protection for the benefit of the National Electricity and Gas Board (Sonelgas). He is currently a senior lecturer at the Industrial Engineering Department of the UHL Batna. Department of Industrial Engineering, University Batna 2, Algeria; e-mail:

Prof. Abdelaziz CHAGHI, Department of Electrical Engineering, University Batna 2, 05000 Batna, Algeria

Prof. Abdelaziz CHAGHI. He received his engineering degree from the University of Oran, Algeria in 1980, and M.Sc. from Manchester University, United Kingdom in 1984. He received Doctor Degree in Power Systems from University of Batna, Algeria in 2004. Professor Chaghiis responsible for the research team in charge of “Power quality in distribution power systems” at LSP-IE research laboratory, University of Batna. His research interests include power systems optimization, power electronics, power quality, renewable energy, harmonic, and FACTS devices modeling and control. Department of Electrical Engineering, University Batna 2, 05000 Batna, Algeria; e-mail:

Dr. Mohamed CHAHDI, Department of physics, University Batna 1, 05000 Batna, Algeria

Dr. Mohamed CHAHDI was graduated from the universities of Dundee and Glasgow in Scotland, UK. In 1982, obtained his Msc from the University of Dundee (Scotland) and in 1986 he earned a PhD in physics from the university of Glasgow in Scotland. His research work focused on the study and preparation of amorphous Silicon (a-Si:H) for electronic devices applications, in general and the solar cells, in particular. In 1998 he was promoted to Professor of physics at the university of Batna in Algeria. Currently, he is involved in teaching of both graduate and post graduate students and has a particular interest for nanoscience and nanotechnology. Department of physics, University Batna 1, 05000 Batna, Algeria; e-mail:


Saxena, N.; Choi, B.J. State of the art authentication access control and secure

integration in smart grid, Energies 2015, 8, 11883-11915, DOI: 10.3390/en81011883.

Eltamaly, A.M.; Mohamed, M.A.; Alolah, A.I. A novel smart grid theory for optimal

sizing of hybrid renewable energy systems, Solar Energy 2016, 124, 26–38, DOI:


Sechilariu, M.; Wang, B.; Locment, F. Building-integrated microgrid: Advanced

local energy management for forthcoming smart power grid communication,

Energy and Buildings 2013, 59, 236–243, DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.12.039.

Lobaccaro, G.; Carlucci, S.; Löfström, E. A review of systems and technologies for

smart homes and smart grids, Energies 2016, 9, 348, DOI: 10.3390/en9050348.

Rohjans, S.; Dânekas, C.; Uslar, M. Requirements for Smart Grid ICTArchitectures,

in Proceedings of the. 3rd IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid

Technologies Europe, Berlin, Germany, 2012, pp. 4673-2597.

Andreadou, N.; Guardiola, M.O.; Fulli, G. Telecommunication technologies for

smart grid projects with focus on smart metering applications, Energies 2016, 9,

, DOI: 10.3390/en9050375.

Anda, M.; Temmen, J. Smart metering for residential energy efficiency: The use

of community based social marketing for behavioural change and smart grid

introduction, Renewable Energy 2014, 67, 119–127.

Kazem, H.A.; Khatib, T.; Sopian, K.; Elmenreich, W. Performance and feasibilityassessment of a 1.4 kW roof top grid-connected photovoltaic power system under

desertic weather conditions, Energy and Buildings 2014, 82, 123–129.

Lopes, M.A.R.; Antunes, C.H.; Janda, K.B.; Peixoto, P.; Martins, N. The potential

of energy behaviours in a smart(er) grid: Policy implications from a Portuguese

exploratory study, Energy Policy 2016, 90, 233-245.

Rapport, The regulation commission for electricity and gas (CREG), Activity

rapport 2013, available from

Paetz, A.G.; Becker, B.; Fichtner, W.; Schmeck, H. shifting electricity demand

with smart home technologies—an experimental study on user acceptance, in

Proceedings of the 30th USAEE/IAEE North American Conference, 19, 2011, pp.

Rapport, Ministry of energy, National energy balance for the year 2015, edition

, available from:

Sonelgaz Group (SPA). Activity rapport 2014, Algeria, 2015, available from: http://

Algerian electrical system operator, available from:

Rapport, The regulation commission for electricity and gas, Activity rapport 2014,

available from

Sonelgaz Group (SPA), newsletter n°35, synthesis of the activity balance of the SPA

group, 2016.

Ghouari, A.; Hamouda, Ch.; Chaghi, A. Performance Analysis of Grid connected

PV system in the perspective of use in a smart house in Algeria, in Proceedings

of the International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, Ouarzazate,

Morocco, 2013, pp. 521-524.

Rapport, 2012, Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided,

World Bank, pp. 106.

Rapport, 2013, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, International Energy Agency-


Sahnounea, F.; Belhamela, M.; Zelmatb, M.; Kerbachic, R. Climate Change in

Algeria: Vulnerability and Strategy of Mitigation and Adaptation, Energy Procedia

, 36, 1286-1294.

Seo, D.W.; Kim, H.; Kim, J.S.; Lee, J.Y. Hybrid reality-based user experience and

evaluation of a context-aware smart home, Computers in Industry 2016,76,11,23.

Mehdi, G.; Roshchin, M. Electricity consumption constraints for smart-home

automation: An overview of models and applications, Energy Procedia 2015, 83,


Missaoui, R.; Joumaa, H.; Ploix, S.; Bacha, S. Managing energy Smart Homes

according to energy prices: Analysis of a Building Energy Management System,

Energy and Buildings 2014, 71, 155–167.

Ghouari, A.; Hamouda, Ch.; Chaghi, A.; Chahdi, M.; Data Monitoring and

Performance Analysis of a 1.6kWp Grid connected PV System in Algeria,

International Journal of Renewable Energy Research 2016, 6(1), 521-524.

Hamouda, M. A.; Saïdi, M.; Louchene, A.; Hamouda, Ch. Study and implanting of

an intelligent electrical power supply system of urban housing with feeding into

the grid, Review of renewable energy 2011, 14, 187-202, available from: http://

COWAN, C. Software Security for Open-Source Systems, IEEE SECURITY &

PRIVACY 2003, 1(1), 38-45.

Richardson, M. Wallace, S. Getting Started with Raspberry Pi, O’Reilly, USA, 2013,

ISBN: 978-1-449-34421-4.